What are THC and CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two main ingredients in the marijuana plant. Both CBD and THC belong to a unique class of compounds known as cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids are the active chemical ingredients produced by the cannabis plant. More than 100 different cannabinoids have been identified, but research has focused on only two of them so far: delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
THC is the substance known to cause the psychoactive effects or the “high” felt from cannabis. Scientific studies, as well as anecdotal evidence, suggest that THC is effective in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), functions as an appetite stimulant for HIV/AIDS patients, reduces nausea and vomiting from cancer treatment, helps patients with insomnia, inflammation and pain.
CBD has no psychoactive effect and is showing promise with epilepsy, including children with a severe form called Dravet’s Syndrome. CBD has also been used successfully by patients with genetic brain disorders, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, and Parkinson’s disease.
CBD also helps to make the “high” caused by THC more tolerable and can have an impact reducing the likelihood patients will experience paranoia or anxiety caused by THC.
Trichomes that grow on the outside of marijuana flowers contain the active ingredients in cannabis, including THC and CBD.